Airships of the French engineer and aviation pioneer Baptiste Henri Jacques Giffard.
Baptiste Henri Jacques Giffard 1825-1882 was a French engineer and aviation pioneer who has made an outstanding contribution by the use of steam power as a drive for the aviation industry. He built along with two young engineers, a cigar-shaped airship with a length of 44 meters and a diameter of 12 meters, which took 2500 cubic meters of gas. Driven was the airship by a 45-kg, 3-hp steam engine. The ship lifted on 24 September 1852 for the first time from. The 27.5 km long flight from Paris to Trappes at a speed of eight kilometers per hour is the first manned motorized flight in history.