Airships of the French engineer and aviation pioneer Baptiste Henri Jacques Giffard.
Baptiste Henri Jacques Giffard 1825-1882 was a French engineer and aviation pioneer who has made an outstanding contribution by the use of steam power as a drive for the aviation industry. He built along with two young engineers, a cigar-shaped airship with a length of 44 meters and a diameter of 12 meters, which took 2500 cubic meters of gas. Driven was the airship by a 45-kg, 3-hp steam engine. The ship lifted on 24 September 1852 for the first time from. The 27.5 km long flight from Paris to Trappes at a speed of eight kilometers per hour is the first manned motorized flight in history.
Pilot Anton Baierlein (Chief pilot of the Otto-Aircraft Works) with Otto biplane on the airfield Johannistal Berlin.
In 1910 establishes the engineer Gustav Otto , son of Nikolaus August Otto , inventor of the four-stroke engine , together with Dr. Herbert Alberti the ” Aeroplanbau Otto – Alberti “. Otto had already bought three Blériot in 1909 and taken over the distribution in Germany and the representation of Aviatik aircraft factory in Alsace. In 1910 he acquired on a Aviatik – Farman biplane his pilot’s license. In the same year began with the production of a double-decker “Otto – Alberti “, a copy of the grid hull Farman biplane system. 1911 Alberti different from the company and it was renamed the ” flying machines -Werke Gustav Otto”. 1912 by Otto its lattice fuselage military biplane with four-wheel drive with a 100 hp engine from AGO , which had been developed in the Otto – works themselves. The abbreviation ” AGO ” stand here for ” Aero Engine Gustav Otto”. As in 1912 Johannistal the subsidiary Ago Flugzeugwerke was founded , was the abbreviation for ” aviator Gustav Otto”. The Otto-factories advanced the main supplier of the Bavarian Flying Corps and their biplane won in 1912 a number of notable competition successes.
Werner Schwipps, Schwerer als Luft – Die Frühzeit der Flugtechnik in Deutschland, Bernard & Graefe Verlag, Bonn/Koblenz, 1984.
(Werner Schwipps, Heavier than air – The early days of aviation engineering in Germany, Bernard & Graefe Verlag, Bonn / Koblenz, 1984.)
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